Behind the Wire – 1918

Barbed wire, familiar to all soldiers on the Western Front. The barbed wire symbol, in this instance of French origin, was sometimes used by PoW veteran's organizations.

Barbed wire, familiar to all soldiers on the Western Front. The barbed wire symbol, in this instance of French origin, was sometimes used by PoW veteran’s organizations.

16th Battalion C.E.F. Prisoners of War (Part 3)

Every two years (in January) I have returned to my 16th Canadian Infantry Battalion Prisoner of War research project. To my surprise the battalion does not appear to have had any service personnel captured during 1917. Of particular interest in this the third and final installment are the number of soldiers drafted under the Military Service Act, 1917 and soldiers captured during the 16th Battalion’s last major engagement of the Great War…1 October 1918…Cuvillers.

See also Behind the Wire 1915 and Behind the Wire 1916.

(DATES OF CAPTURE IN BOLD)

 12 April 1918
Arras – Brigade Reserve.

Lieut. Thompson No. 4 Coy. Reported that Lieut. D. Clelland M.C. and runner had left No. 4 H.Q. at 10:30 a.m. and had not yet returned. Search parties were sent out but could find no trace of them.

(16th Canadian Infantry Battalion War Diary, 12 April 1918)

No news of Lieut. Clelland and runner.
(16th Canadian Infantry Battalion War Diary, 13 April, 1918)

Clelland, David
Lieutenant          27265
Released             29 November 1918

Military Cross
London Gazette 26 July 1917
Date of publications suggests an award for Vimy Ridge.

For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty. He commanded his company during the attack, and though wounded consolidated his position and reorganized and protected his flank until supporting troops arrived. 

Cowx, Ernest Harold
Private                 129938
Released             2 December 1918

16 August 1918
Front Line Parvillers. Parvillers-Schwetz Wood captured.

The enemy resistance was by no means so weak as was suspected. The Alpine Corps was in the line, and its men proved themselves excellent fighters.

 The losses of the 16th Battalion in the engagement, considering it was nothing more than a patrol affair, were heavy…

(Urquhart, H.M. The History of The 16th Battalion (The Canadian Scottish), 1932, p. 282)

Carey, Patrick
Private                 736759
Released             4 December 1918

Ducharme, Harry Georges Garfield
Private                 1000906
Released             12 December 1918

Eliasson, Elias
Private                 722090
Released             12 January 1919

Howard, Albert Thomson
Private                 701154
Released             20 November 1918

Jordan, Harold John
Private                 1001191
Released             11 December 1918

O’Connor, Jeremiah J.
Private                 859397
Released             6 December 1918

Powell, Alfred Edward
Private                 1001211
Released             6 December 1918

Wade, William Casebourne
Private                 859189
Released             5 December 1918

Walls, James
Private                 114887
Released             1 December 1918

1 October 1918
Haynecourt. Cuvillers.

…before he (Lieutenant Kerans) got in touch with any of these officers (company commanders); intense machine-gun fire broke out from Abancourt ridge, directed in enfilade against the 16th outpost and resistance lines, Cuvillers, and positions in rear. Every feature on the 16th front lay open to this high ground, including the sunken roads which all ran directly towards it…

 He (Sergeant-Major Kay) was placing his men in the houses at the northerly outskirts of Cuvillers and along a road running from that village in a southwesterly direction towards Blécourt. By the time Kerans arrived it had become clear that this position was untenable, for it came under fire from the left rear, from points in or near Blécourt as well as from the Abancourt ridge.  Sniping and machine-gun fire from both these quarters were very severe.

Both Kerans (Lieutenant) and Kay (Sergeant-Major) now realized that the tactical position of the Battalion generally was little short of desperate; the troops in both the resistance and the outpost lines were in danger of being surrounded…

(Urquhart, H.M. The History of The 16th Battalion (The Canadian Scottish), 1932, p. 305)

Appel, Frank Joseph
Private                 2021790
Drafted under Military Service Act, 1917
Released             3 December 1918

Bouvier, William
Private                 2129346
Drafted under Military Service Act, 1917
Released             22 November 1918

Brown, Abraham
Private                 736490
Released             6 December 1918

Buckboro, Bonner Mason
Private                 622624
Released             5 December 1918

Caine, James George
Private                 29310
Released             5 December 1918

Colegrave, William Ralph (Jr.)
Private                 2021895
Drafted under Military Service Act, 1917
Released             5 December 2918

Crampain, Raymond Earl
Private                 865795
Released             25 November 1918

DeSchouwer, Emiel
Private                 2380719
Drafted under Military Service Act, 1917
Released             6 December 1918

Ferens, John Charles
Private                 736452
Released             13 January 1919

Gilmour, Duncan James McKenzie
Corporal              736662
Released             6 December 1918

Gray, Robert James
Private                 2379264 previously 216332
Previously volunteered with 100th Canadian Infantry Battalion.
Discharged 7 October 1916, being medically unfit for military service.
Drafted under Military Service Act, 1917
Released             21 November 1918

Hanson, Henry Charles
Private                 180059
Released             18 December 1918

Henderson, Wilbert Duncan
Private                 2129280
Drafted under Military Service Act, 1917
Released             22 November 1918

Hough, Norman
Private                 225886
Died of Wounds as Prisoner of War 2 October 1918
Buried Cabaret-Rouge British Cemetery, Souchez, France

He was last seen going in the direction of the Sunken Road, in front of Cuvillers, on October 1st 1918. A report was later received that he had died from the German authorities on transit from Chief Dressing Station at Estain.

Exhumed from Soldier’s Cemetery, Hordain, S. Of Bouchair.

(Canada, War Graves Registers (Circumstances of Casualty), 1914-1948 card.)

Jackson, William Henry
Sergeant             29406
Released             5 December 1918

Jenkins, James Rodolphus
Private                  2136376
Escaped               20 November 1918

Admitted to 30 Casualty Clearing Station for treatment of scabies and boils. No details of escape reported. (Service Record)

Kirkconnell, John
Private                 150451
Released             15 December 1918

Larson, Guttorn
Private                 2129176
Drafted under Military Service Act, 1917
Released             7 December 1918

Lindsay, James
Private                 721919
Released             11 December 1918

Little, Joseph
Private                 2129315
Drafted under Military Service Act, 1917
Released             27 November 1918

Llewhellin, George Warren
Private                 871437
Released             12 December 1918

Lunan, George
Private                 700361
Released             5 December 1918

MacLennan, James
Private                 721823
Released             30 January 1919

MacMillan, Alexander
Acting Sergeant 29476
Released             17 December 1918

Margetts, Charles
Private                 922590
Died of Wounds as Prisoner of War 25 October 1918
Son of John Henry Margetts, of Carswell Farm, Faringdon, Berks., England
Buried Mons Communal Cemetery, Belgium

Previously unofficially reported Died of Wounds Whilst Prisoner of War now officially reported Died of Wounds Whilst Prisoner of War at Maedchenschule War Laz 27 – Mons, (Heart failure, following amputation).

(Canada, War Graves Registers (Circumstances of Casualty), 1914-1948 card.)

McCurdy, John
Private                 2129179
Drafted under Military Service Act, 1917
Released             21 November 1918

McGurr, John
Private                 871980
Released             13 January 1919

McIsaac, Hugh Daniel
Private                 2129181
Drafted under Military Service Act, 1917
Released             22 November 1918

Medlicott, Oscar Richard Reeves
Lance Corporal 701193
Released             6 December 1918

Millar, George Sinclair
Private                2128971
Drafted under Military Service Act, 1917
Released             21 November 1918

Munro, George McLean
Private                429226
Released             18 December 1918

Murray, Hedley
Private                1060181
Released             1 January 1919

Murray, Thomas Alexander
Private                 257504
Released             22 November 1918

Mustard, Earnest Hugh
Private                 2129047
Drafted under Military Service Act, 1917
Released             22 November 1918

Newstead, John Charles
Private                 257442
Released             22 November 1918

Ogden, James LeRoy
Acting Corporal 2379605
Drafted under Military Service Act, 1917
Released             6 December 1918

Pasich, Tony
Private                 2378951
Released             7 January 1919

Patton, Royden Percival
Private                 2128826
Died of Wounds after escaping 12 October 1918
Son of Harry Patton and Margaret Ingram (formerly Patton) of Roseisle, Manitoba.
Buried Quiévrain Communal Cemetery, Belgium

Previously reported Prisoner of War at Parchim, and according to German records escaped from Field Lazaret 319, 10-10-18, now for official purposes presumed to have Died between October 10th 1918, and January 10th, 1919.

(Canada, War Graves Registers (Circumstances of Casualty), 1914-1948 card.)

Pearson, Karl Anton
Private                  2380890
Released             9 December 1918

Pike, Charles Edward Cyril
Private                  255341
Released             5 December 1918

Poole, Kingsley Gower
Private                  2379354
Drafted under Military Service Act, 1917
Died of Wounds as Prisoner of War 8 October 1918
Son of Reverend Montague Gower Poole and Hannah Poole of 403, First Street East, Cornwall, Ontario.
Buried at Niederzwehren War Cemetery, Germany

Died whilst Prisoner of War now for official purposes presumed to have Died whilst Prisoner of War at Lazarette, Gottingen.

(Canada, War Graves Registers (Circumstances of Casualty), 1914-1948 card.)

Porter, William George
Private                2128934
Drafted under Military Service Act, 1917
Released             1 January 1919

Ramsey, Westall
Private                2128921
Drafted under Military Service Act, 1917
Released             1 January 1919

Reid, Robert
Private                2379629
Drafted under Military Service Act, 1917
Released             6 December 1918

Roy, Aubrey Rutherford
Private                 2379366
Released             2 January 1919

Rutherford, Thomas
Private                 2129663
Drafted under Military Service Act, 1917
Released             1 January 1919

Scott, John Clarence
Sergeant             28670
Died of Wounds as Prisoner of War 3 October 1918
Husband of late Mrs. H.E. Scott
Buried at Valenciennes (St. Roch) Communal Cemetery, France

Died whilst Prisoner of War, previously reported Wounded and Missing.

On October 1st, 1918, it became necessary for his platoon to retire from its objective. The Platoon Officer took part of the men, and while leading the rest, Sgt. Scott was wounded. At the time there was considerable confusion and one of the men examined him and thinking him dead, left him. Information was later received that he had died (shell wound lung) whilst prisoner of war at Military Hospital, VALENCIENNES.

Exhumed from Military Cemetery at Valenciennes, Grave No. 1928.

(Canada, War Graves Registers (Circumstances of Casualty), 1914-1948 card.)

An article about Sergeant John Clarence Scott entitled, Tells of Stirring Incidents at Front, appears in the Daily Colonist 16 June 1915, page 7.

Smith, John
Private                 871049
Released             3 December 1918

Smith, Robert James
Private                 2129308
Drafted under Military Service Act, 1917
Released             22 November 1918

Smith, Sidney James
Private                 2379862
Drafted under Military Service Act, 1917
Died of Wounds as Prisoner of War 13 October 1918
Buried at Niederzwehren War Cemetery, Germany

Reported Prisoner of War and Wounded in Hospital @ Gottingen, Hann.
Now Reported Died Whilst Pris of War
At Lazerett (sic) Gottingen, Hann. (Letter from British Help Commission D/16-10-18)
Presumed Died of Wounds whilst P. of W . (____) Lazarett at Gottingen 13-10-18

(Service Record)

Strange, Archibald
Private                 2380132
Drafted under Military Service Act, 1917
Released             1 January 1918

Stretch, Joseph Buxley
Private                 1263521
Released             4 December 1918

Stroud, John Clarence
Private                 2129654
Drafted under Military Service Act, 1917
Released             25 November 1918

Stubblefield, Robert Westley
Private                 1069931
Released             1 December 1918

Previously served 3 1/2 years in United States navy. (Service Record)

Troke, John Joseph
Private                  258517
Released             22 November 1918

Vandal, Gabriel
Private                 258198
Released             10 January 1919

Voorhis, Robert B.
Private                 872085
Died of Wounds as Prisoner of War 12 November 1918
Son of Milton T. Voorhies and his wife Mary L. Brown Husband of Mary McGill Voorhies.
Buried at Niederzwehren War Cemetery, Germany

Reported missing Oct. 1st 1918.
Rept. miss. is P of W at Gottingen
Nov. 14th 1918.
D. whilst P of W Gottingen
Correct date of death Presumed dead 13-12-18 (sic)
Alternate spelling of surname given as Voorhies. Soldier signed as Voorhis.

(Service Record)

Waldie, Walter
Private                 257979
Released             3 December 1918

Whiffin, Thomas Alfred
Private                 2128924
Drafted under Military Service Act, 1917
Released             7 December 1918

White, Earl Leslie
Private                 256326
Released             29 November 1918

Whittick, Thomas William
Private                 512164
Released             2 December 1918

Willes, Frederick Charles
Private                 624339
Released             13 January 1919

Wilson, Stanley
Private                 2115180
Released             13 January 1919

Wood, Frank
Private                 1072122
Released             6 December 1918

Woods, Alfred Robert
Private                 258016
Released             16 December 1918

Wrench, Harold
Private                 257962
Released             24 November 1918

Yarrington, Everett
Private                 722273
Released             27 November 1918

Zerbin, Gustaf
Private                 2129268
Drafted under Military Service Act, 1917
Released             22 November 1918

Zimmerman, William George
Private                 693086
Released             1 December 1918

At four a.m., October 2nd, the remnant of the Battalion – three officers and seventy-five other ranks – were relieved; the 16th had fought its last major engagement of the War;…

(Urquhart, H.M. The History of The 16th Battalion (The Canadian Scottish), 1932, p. 311)

8/9 October 1918
Brigade Support

Burt, Frederick Audry
Private                 199110
Released             2 December 1918

———-0———-

List of Prisoners of War (16th Battalion CEF) compiled from:
Wigney, Edward H. “Guests of the Kaiser; Prisoners-of-War of the Canadian Expeditionary force 1915-1918”, (CEF Books, 2008)


About The Author

pferguson
Paul has worked with the Paradigm Motion Picture Company since 2009 as producer, historian and research specialist. Paul first met Casey and Ian WIlliams of Paradigm in April 2007 at Ieper (Ypres), Belgium when ceremonies were being held for the re-dedication of the Vimy Memorial, France. Paul's sensitivity to film was developed at an early age seeing his first films at RCAF Zweibrucken, Germany and in Sardinia. Paul returned to Canada in 1967 and was further amazed by David Lean's "Lawrence of Arabia" and "Bridge on the River Kwai". Film captivated Paul and with time he became increasingly interested in storytelling, content development, character, direction, cinematography and soundtracks. At the University of Victoria, Paul studied and compared Japanese and Australian film and became interested in Australian film maker Peter Weir and his film "Gallipoli" (1981). Paul was entranced when he learned Weir had visited the beaches, ridges and ravines of the peninsula. The film "Gallipoli" alone led Paul on many journeys to sites of conflict in England, France, Belgium, Holland, Germany, Malta, Hawaii and Gallipoli. It was, however, when Paul watched documentary filmmaker Ken Burns, "The Civil War", that Paul understood how his own experience and insight could be effective and perhaps influential in film-making. Combining his knowledge of Museums and Archives, exhibitions and idea strategies with his film interests would be a natural progression. Paul thinks like a film-maker. His passion for history and storytelling brings to Paradigm an eye (and ear) to the keen and sensitive interests of; content development, the understanding of successful and relational use of collections, imagery and voice. Like Paul's favorite actor, Peter O'Toole, he believes in the adage “To deepen not broaden.” While on this path Paul always remembers his grandmother whose father did not return from the Great War and how his loss shaped her life and how her experience continues to guide him.

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